Activities at India Pavilion on December 05, 2015, Le Bourget, Paris
1st Session on Scaling up adaptation Strategies for Climate Resiliant Agriculture in India on 5 th December 2015
Afternoon Session on Climate Change Planning and Action at Sub national Level
Release of Book Climate Change in Madhya Pradesh : A Compendium of Expert Views -2
Activities at India Pavilion, December 05-, 2015, Le Bourget, Paris
400-500 people visited India Pavilion today including Sh. Mahesh Kumar Gagda, Hon’ble Minister for Forest and Legal Affairs, Government of Chhatisgarh who release a book, “Climate Change in Madhya Pradesh: A Compendium of Expert Views- 2”. Mr. Dave Kleis, Mayor, city of St Cloud Minnesota, Mr Roy De Buol, Mayor, city ofDubuque Mississipi, Mr Christopher B Coleman, Mayor, city of Saint Paul visited and appreciated India Pavilion and India’s climate friendly culture and expressed their interests in participating in India’s efforts on river cleaning and clean river valley management.
The first session focussed on discussions about “Scaling up adaptation strategies for climate resilient agriculture in India”. Mr. Sanjiv Kumar, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change set the agenda by highlighting that, “India is fast developing and Indian economy is changing. The contribution of agriculture is fast reducing, yet large labour forces are employed in agriculture. It will not be wrong to say that India is an agrarian economy. Impact of climate change on this sector and how it has to adapt, is a pertinent issue. Monsoon dependent agriculture is highly vulnerable to climate change. Climate change adaption for agriculture is an increasing priority. Enhancing resilience for agriculture is of paramount importance for small and marginalised farmers. These need real investments. Agriculture research has multiplier effect and national policies envisage 1% of agriculture GDP invested in agriculture research; it has almost 700 per cent return on investment. With the growing population, the issue of agriculture is closely allied with food and livelihood security as per capita income in agriculture is very low and most of the poor are engaged there and hence it needs closer attention.” Speaker from CRIDA & ICAR, Dr. Ch Srinivasa Rao, spoke about India’s vision towards climate resilient development agriculture sector. The indian government is working to transform agriculture into climate resilient production system, which will contribute to economic stability, ensure food security. It is also making sure that agriculture grows through cologically sustainable and progressive adaptation.
The government has also set up National Initiative for Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA), which is a project on creating more knoweldge and research on agriculture and climate. It is working to enhance the resilience of Indian agriculture covering crops, livestock and fisheries to climatic variability and climate change through development and application of improved production and risk management technologies. Representatives from NABARD talked about their initiatives in sustainable devlopment in rainfed areas for climate resilience. Development Alternatives, an NGO, presented their experiences in scaling up community driven adaptation models for climate resilience.
An American professor, Mr. Mbuya of Florida present at the session asserted that “more needs to be done in India on agricultural research. There is a lot of ptential. American universities welcome Indian students to come and learn here and perhaps American students could go to India to learn. Acadmeia from USA would be ready to collaborate with India on climate change and related issues.”
In the second session of the day, the topic of focus was sub-national planning on climate change. The session highlighted efforts taken by Indian states towards addressing climate change in planning, adaptation and other mitigation efforts.
Preeti Soni, Advisor- Climate Change, UNDP, spoke about State Action Plans on Climate change (SPACC). She said, “ India is one of the few countries that has taken climate change planning at sub-national level. National action plan on climate change was launched in 2008. It is a recognition of the fact that effective and sustained implementation involves decision making and action at all levels. Since 2009, 32 India states and union territories have developed climate change action plans.” Adding to her point she said, “the need for SAPCC was understood because there was a need to translate national policy into local action. There was an understanding of the impact of climate variations in states. Decentralisation of NAPCC to set objectives for local contexts. SAPCC was also needed to harmonise national and state policies actions. Many states have established intitutional mechanisms and begun implementation in focused sectors . States are developing proposals for funding under the National Clean Energy Fund and Green Climate Fund.”
Representatives from states of Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Meghalaya, and Union Territory Chandigarh talked about their key initiatives towards climate change planning. Giving the concluding remarks at the session, Mr. Sanjiv Kumar, Joint Secretary, MoEF&CC said, “India’s rank in HDI is 135 and aspiration from UN itself is that all nations should go to the level of 0.9 while we are less than average of 0.4. To work towards better HDI will require greater energy use which if has to be clean will require enormous investments. How much carbon can this biosphere take; researchers suggest 2/3rd of it is already engaged by the developed world and for developing countries like India to develop may require carbon space vacation by the developed world.As historically emissions from developed world are the cause for global warming it is pertinent that for the commensurate adaptaions needed by the poor should be paid for by those responsible .For a cleaner developmental pathway Technology is largely there in developed world and should be made available for mitigation and adaptation. He further said that, “there is connectivity between what is happening at the international level, at the national level and at the sub national level. India's INDCs are practical and realistic and we all should collaboratively work towards it.”
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November 30, 2015
December 01, 2015
December 02, 2015
December 03, 2015
December 04, 2015
December 05, 2015
December 07, 2015
December 08, 2015
December 09, 2015
December 10, 2015
December 11, 2015
December 11 Valedictory, 2015
India’s INDC is prepared in a balanced and comprehensive manner to reflect all issues of
mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology transfer and capacity building while simultaneously endeavoring to meet all the developmental challenges that the country faces today.
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