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December 11 Valedictory, 2015
India’s INDC is prepared in a balanced and comprehensive manner to reflect all issues of
mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology transfer and capacity building while simultaneously endeavoring to meet all the developmental challenges that the country faces today.
Activities at India Pavilion on December 02, 2015, Le Bourget, Paris
400-500 people visited India’s Pavilion on the second day of the COP 21. The day’s discussion saw two rounds of deliberations focusing on scaling up energy efficiency implementation in India vis-à-vis India’s existing successful policy initiatives. The objective of the sessions was to facilitate knowledge sharing and exchange of practical experience among key energy efficiency experts of the international community. The session saw global representation with participants from UNEP, International Energy Agency (IEA), GEF, and the International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC).
Addressing the gathering, Dr. Ajay Mathur, Director General, Bureau of Energy Efficiency and Spokesperson of India at COP 21, said, “India is on its way to becoming the energy efficiency hub of the world. The programmes launched by the government are world-beating; people are now looking at India for best practices in energy efficiency and demand side management. It constitutes a critical part of our goal of delivering ‘just climate action’. It is our mission to ensure access to energy efficient products for those who previously found them out of their reach.”
India has proved to be a model state in terms of introducing sustained efforts to reduce energy intensity through policy intervention. Under the aegis of the National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency, India has undertaken the world’s largest LED-based lighting programme, which aims to replace 770 million incandescent bulbs and 35 million street lights over a three-year period. Demand Side Management programmes have also been launched to replace existing low-efficiency appliances. These schemes have been largely successful, recording energy savings of 109,000 GWh while reducing 85 million tonnes of CO2.
India has evolved a successful business model for energy efficiency products and services that can be replicated globally. The three crore LED bulbs distributed by EESL will result in an annual energy savings of 4 billion Kwh, capacity addition avoidance of over 900 MW and cost savings of INR 3.04 billion and has impacted over 10 million consumers. This has also led to a reduction in CO2 emissions of over 3.2 million tonnes per annum. We have successfully aggregated demand across India to substantially reduce the cost of procuring LED bulbs by 75% from 2014-2015. The potential impact of energy efficiency in India is substantial and can been considered as one of the key levers that India can use to reduce carbon emissions. Energy efficiency can have a large, swift and lasting impact. Through its various energy efficiency initiatives India is looking to achieve total avoided capacity addition of 19,598 MW and fuel savings of around 23 million tonnes per year at full implementation stage.
The second session focused on Industrial Energy Efficiency and Reporting. The session showcased progressive Indian companies who are committed to increased Energy Productivity which is beneficial to their bottom line and environmental friendly. In addition, it will highlight the Government of India’s flagship PAT initiative and demonstrate which actions companies have taken to increase their energy efficiency and CDP’s case-study based report on 20 companies.
Addressing the session, Dr Ajay Mathur said, “The main goal of the Perform, Achieve and Trade scheme, India’s Energy Efficiency Certificates Trading Scheme, is to make plants efficient. Because of the demand growth that is happening in India, new plants are coming up. Any plant that comes up, has to be more efficient than the rest. We need the industry in India and the world to collectively come work together so that we can enhance efficiency.”
The discussion focused on notable policy interventions for enabling industries reduce their energy consumption include the Perform, Achieve and Trade (PAT) scheme-a market based energy efficiency trading mechanism; and the Zero Effect, Zero Defect (ZED) initiative, which rates Medium and Small Industries on quality control and certification for energy efficiency, using predetermined assessment standards.
Dr Ajay Mathur added that, there is a competitive pull because of the energy efficiency benefits one gets. Increasing adaptation of technology to meet the Indian needs is going through a tweaking. Gone are the days when you can take a technology and put it in directly. Raw materials available in India are very different to those available globally. Cost of capital makes a huge difference whether it is renewables or anything else. If money could be made available at lower rates, adaptation could become easier. We need adoption of technology quickly. We need acceleration of development of technology. We need to look at innovative solutions. The innovators can have their returns, but others must make use of it in deploying those technologies.
Dr Mathur & Mr Paul Simpson also launched a research report by CDP India which analysed performance of 20 Indian companies who have embraced energy efficiency measure beyond their mandatory regulatory requirements. Using the CDP responses over a period of 2012 to 2015, these companies demonstrate operational excellence via energy efficient practice. The key Interventions are in Process Efficiency (Improvement of heat rate of kiln, installing electric commuter blowers,); in fuel mix (repurposing of waste, pre-heating of fuel, fuel-mix) and going for alternatives Fuels as well as other measures like Solar PV installations and Waste Heat Recovery. The report also highlights how these energy efficiency measures have led to substantial monetary savings, clearly this is a win win-situation for the environment and the corporations.
The two main components for action on low carbon development cover massive upscaling of India’s renewable energy target with ambitious plans to go beyond 175 GW by 2022. For the industry the focus will be on enhanced energy efficiency for which the government has proposed with a specific scheme called PAT (Perform, Achieve & Trade).
The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) has played a key role in promoting energy efficiency across various sectors under the overall mandate of the Energy Conservation Act. The PAT scheme is designed as a market-based mechanism to enhance cost effectiveness of improvements in EE in energy intensive large industries and facilities, through certification on energy savings that could be traded. India’s experience in demonstrating the potential of a new narrative on energy productivity is worth emulating.
Fore noon session on Successful Business Models for Energy Efficiency
Afternoon Session on Industrial Energy Efficiency and Reporting packed house well attended.
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